Category: Embedded

Comparing NuttX with Zephyr

Today I decided to do a basic test comparing a small NuttX hello-world against the zephyr hello-world.

First let explain that I’m a NuttX contributor and maybe I’m a little bit biased, but I tried to keep me (as much as I could) neutral on this.

What motivated to do that was the nice Eric Styger article: https://mcuoneclipse.com/2017/01/22/zephyr-thoughts-and-first-steps-on-the-arm-cortex-m4f-with-gcc-gdb-and-eclipse/

I like the part that Eric said:

“I’m really not sure how Intel has convinced the Linux Foundation to promote Zephyr. If someone is looking for an operating system with Linux heritage, then it would something like NuttX or eCos in my view. On the other hand: more free and open source choices are good :-).”

(Hey Eric, we need you on NuttX!)

Let’s to start our test, first (of course) NuttX:

$ git clone https://www.bitbucket.org/nuttx/nuttx nuttx-project
$ git clone https://www.bitbucket.org/nuttx/apps
$ cd nuttx-project/
$ ./tools/configure.sh stm32f103-minimum/hello
  Copy files
  Refreshing...

$ make
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/tools'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/tools'
No .version file found, creating one
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/tools'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/tools'
LN: include/arch to arch/arm/include
LN: include/arch/board to /home/alan/nuttx-project/configs/stm32f103-minimum/include
LN: include/arch/chip to arch/arm/include/stm32
LN: arch/arm/src/board to /home/alan/nuttx-project/configs/stm32f103-minimum/src
LN: arch/arm/src/chip to arch/arm/src/stm32
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/configs'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/configs'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/platform'
LN: platform/board to /home/alan/apps/platform/dummy
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/platform'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/configs'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/configs/stm32f103-minimum/src'
make[2]: Nothing to be done for 'context'.
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/configs/stm32f103-minimum/src'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/configs'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/builtin'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/builtin/registry'
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/builtin/registry'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/builtin'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/examples/hello'
make[3]: Nothing to be done for 'context'.
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/examples/hello'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/examples/nsh'
make[3]: Nothing to be done for 'context'.
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/examples/nsh'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/nshlib'
make[3]: Nothing to be done for 'context'.
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/nshlib'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/system/readline'
make[3]: Nothing to be done for 'context'.
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/system/readline'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/platform'
LN: platform/board to /home/alan/apps/platform/dummy
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/platform'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/tools'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/tools'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/tools'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/tools'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/sched'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/sched'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/drivers'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/drivers'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/configs'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/configs'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/arch/arm/src'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/configs/stm32f103-minimum/src'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/configs/stm32f103-minimum/src'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/arch/arm/src'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/builtin'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/builtin/registry'
make[3]: Nothing to be done for 'context'.
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/builtin/registry'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/builtin'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/examples/hello'
make[3]: Nothing to be done for 'context'.
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/examples/hello'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/examples/nsh'
make[3]: Nothing to be done for 'context'.
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/examples/nsh'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/nshlib'
make[3]: Nothing to be done for 'context'.
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/nshlib'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/system/readline'
make[3]: Nothing to be done for 'context'.
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/system/readline'
make[3]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/platform'
LN: platform/board to /home/alan/apps/platform/dummy
make[3]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/platform'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/examples/hello'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/examples/hello'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/examples/nsh'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/examples/nsh'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/nshlib'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/nshlib'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/system/readline'
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/system/readline'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/platform'
LN: platform/board to /home/alan/apps/platform/dummy
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/platform'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/libc'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/libc'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/mm'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/mm'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/fs'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/fs'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/binfmt'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/binfmt'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/sched'
CC:  clock/clock_initialize.c
CC:  clock/clock_settime.c
CC:  clock/clock_gettime.c
CC:  clock/clock_getres.c
CC:  clock/clock_time2ticks.c
CC:  clock/clock_abstime2ticks.c
CC:  clock/clock_ticks2time.c
CC:  clock/clock_systimer.c
CC:  clock/clock_systimespec.c
CC:  clock/clock_timespec_add.c
CC:  clock/clock_timespec_subtract.c
CC:  errno/errno_getptr.c
CC:  group/group_create.c
CC:  group/group_join.c
CC:  group/group_leave.c
CC:  group/group_find.c
CC:  group/group_setupstreams.c
CC:  group/group_setupidlefiles.c
CC:  group/group_setuptaskfiles.c
CC:  group/group_foreachchild.c
CC:  group/group_killchildren.c
CC:  init/os_start.c
CC:  init/os_bringup.c
CC:  irq/irq_initialize.c
CC:  irq/irq_attach.c
CC:  irq/irq_dispatch.c
CC:  irq/irq_unexpectedisr.c
CC:  paging/pg_miss.c
CC:  paging/pg_worker.c
CC:  sched/sched_garbage.c
CC:  sched/sched_getfiles.c
CC:  sched/sched_addreadytorun.c
CC:  sched/sched_removereadytorun.c
CC:  sched/sched_addprioritized.c
CC:  sched/sched_mergeprioritized.c
CC:  sched/sched_mergepending.c
CC:  sched/sched_addblocked.c
CC:  sched/sched_removeblocked.c
CC:  sched/sched_free.c
CC:  sched/sched_gettcb.c
CC:  sched/sched_verifytcb.c
CC:  sched/sched_releasetcb.c
CC:  sched/sched_getsockets.c
CC:  sched/sched_getstreams.c
CC:  sched/sched_setparam.c
CC:  sched/sched_setpriority.c
CC:  sched/sched_getparam.c
CC:  sched/sched_setscheduler.c
CC:  sched/sched_getscheduler.c
CC:  sched/sched_yield.c
CC:  sched/sched_rrgetinterval.c
CC:  sched/sched_foreach.c
CC:  sched/sched_lock.c
CC:  sched/sched_unlock.c
CC:  sched/sched_lockcount.c
CC:  sched/sched_idletask.c
CC:  sched/sched_self.c
CC:  sched/sched_roundrobin.c
CC:  sched/sched_resumescheduler.c
CC:  sched/sched_processtimer.c
CC:  semaphore/sem_destroy.c
CC:  semaphore/sem_wait.c
CC:  semaphore/sem_trywait.c
CC:  semaphore/sem_tickwait.c
CC:  semaphore/sem_timedwait.c
CC:  semaphore/sem_timeout.c
CC:  semaphore/sem_post.c
CC:  semaphore/sem_recover.c
CC:  semaphore/sem_reset.c
CC:  semaphore/sem_waitirq.c
CC:  task/task_create.c
CC:  task/task_init.c
CC:  task/task_setup.c
CC:  task/task_activate.c
CC:  task/task_start.c
CC:  task/task_delete.c
CC:  task/task_exit.c
CC:  task/task_exithook.c
CC:  task/task_getgroup.c
CC:  task/task_getpid.c
CC:  task/task_prctl.c
CC:  task/task_recover.c
CC:  task/task_restart.c
CC:  task/task_spawnparms.c
CC:  task/task_setcancelstate.c
CC:  task/task_terminate.c
CC:  task/exit.c
CC:  task/task_spawn.c
CC:  wdog/wd_initialize.c
CC:  wdog/wd_create.c
CC:  wdog/wd_start.c
CC:  wdog/wd_cancel.c
CC:  wdog/wd_delete.c
CC:  wdog/wd_gettime.c
CC:  wdog/wd_recover.c
AR:   clock_initialize.o clock_settime.o clock_gettime.o clock_getres.o clock_time2ticks.o clock_abstime2ticks.o clock_ticks2time.o clock_systimer.o clock_systimespec.o clock_timespec_add.o clock_timespec_subtract.o errno_getptr.o group_create.o group_join.o group_leave.o group_find.o group_setupstreams.o group_setupidlefiles.o group_setuptaskfiles.o group_foreachchild.o group_killchildren.o os_start.o os_bringup.o irq_initialize.o irq_attach.o irq_dispatch.o irq_unexpectedisr.o pg_miss.o pg_worker.o sched_garbage.o sched_getfiles.o sched_addreadytorun.o sched_removereadytorun.o sched_addprioritized.o sched_mergeprioritized.o sched_mergepending.o sched_addblocked.o sched_removeblocked.o sched_free.o sched_gettcb.o sched_verifytcb.o sched_releasetcb.o sched_getsockets.o sched_getstreams.o sched_setparam.o sched_setpriority.o sched_getparam.o sched_setscheduler.o sched_getscheduler.o sched_yield.o sched_rrgetinterval.o sched_foreach.o sched_lock.o sched_unlock.o sched_lockcount.o sched_idletask.o sched_self.o sched_roundrobin.o sched_resumescheduler.o sched_processtimer.o sem_destroy.o sem_wait.o sem_trywait.o sem_tickwait.o sem_timedwait.o sem_timeout.o sem_post.o sem_recover.o sem_reset.o sem_waitirq.o task_create.o task_init.o task_setup.o task_activate.o task_start.o task_delete.o task_exit.o task_exithook.o task_getgroup.o task_getpid.o task_prctl.o task_recover.o task_restart.o task_spawnparms.o task_setcancelstate.o task_terminate.o exit.o task_spawn.o wd_initialize.o wd_create.o wd_start.o wd_cancel.o wd_delete.o wd_gettime.o wd_recover.o
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/sched'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/drivers'
CC:  pipes/pipe.c
CC:  pipes/fifo.c
CC:  pipes/pipe_common.c
CC:  serial/serial.c
CC:  serial/serial_io.c
CC:  serial/lowconsole.c
CC:  syslog/vsyslog.c
CC:  syslog/syslog_stream.c
CC:  syslog/syslog_emergstream.c
CC:  syslog/syslog_channel.c
CC:  syslog/syslog_putc.c
CC:  syslog/syslog_write.c
CC:  syslog/syslog_force.c
CC:  syslog/syslog_flush.c
CC:  syslog/syslog_initialize.c
CC:  syslog/syslog_device.c
CC:  syslog/syslog_consolechannel.c
CC:  usbhost/hid_parser.c
CC:  dev_null.c
CC:  dev_zero.c
AR:   pipe.o fifo.o pipe_common.o serial.o serial_io.o lowconsole.o vsyslog.o syslog_stream.o syslog_emergstream.o syslog_channel.o syslog_putc.o syslog_write.o syslog_force.o syslog_flush.o syslog_initialize.o syslog_device.o syslog_consolechannel.o hid_parser.o dev_null.o dev_zero.o
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/drivers'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/configs'
AR:    
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/configs'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/libc'
CC:  dirent/lib_readdirr.c
CC:  dirent/lib_telldir.c
CC:  fixedmath/lib_fixedmath.c
CC:  fixedmath/lib_b16sin.c
CC:  fixedmath/lib_b16cos.c
CC:  fixedmath/lib_b16atan2.c
CC:  fixedmath/lib_ubsqrt.c
CC:  inttypes/lib_imaxabs.c
CC:  inttypes/lib_strtoimax.c
CC:  inttypes/lib_strtoumax.c
CC:  libgen/lib_basename.c
CC:  libgen/lib_dirname.c
CC:  misc/lib_stream.c
CC:  misc/lib_utsname.c
CC:  misc/lib_xorshift128.c
CC:  misc/lib_tea_encrypt.c
CC:  misc/lib_tea_decrypt.c
CC:  misc/lib_umul32.c
CC:  misc/lib_umul64.c
CC:  misc/lib_umul32x64.c
CC:  misc/lib_uadd32x64.c
CC:  misc/lib_uadd64.c
CC:  misc/lib_usub64x32.c
CC:  misc/lib_usub64.c
CC:  misc/lib_sendfile.c
CC:  misc/lib_streamsem.c
CC:  misc/lib_crc64.c
CC:  misc/lib_crc32.c
CC:  misc/lib_crc16.c
CC:  misc/lib_crc8.c
CC:  misc/lib_dumpbuffer.c
CC:  misc/lib_match.c
CC:  net/lib_addrconfig.c
CC:  net/lib_etherntoa.c
CC:  net/lib_htons.c
CC:  net/lib_htonl.c
CC:  net/lib_inetaddr.c
CC:  net/lib_inetntoa.c
CC:  net/lib_inetntop.c
CC:  net/lib_inetpton.c
CC:  queue/sq_addlast.c
CC:  queue/sq_addfirst.c
CC:  queue/sq_addafter.c
CC:  queue/sq_cat.c
CC:  queue/sq_rem.c
CC:  queue/sq_remlast.c
CC:  queue/sq_remfirst.c
CC:  queue/sq_remafter.c
CC:  queue/sq_count.c
CC:  queue/dq_addlast.c
CC:  queue/dq_addfirst.c
CC:  queue/dq_addafter.c
CC:  queue/dq_addbefore.c
CC:  queue/dq_cat.c
CC:  queue/dq_rem.c
CC:  queue/dq_remlast.c
CC:  queue/dq_remfirst.c
CC:  queue/dq_count.c
CC:  sched/sched_getprioritymax.c
CC:  sched/sched_getprioritymin.c
CC:  sched/task_setcanceltype.c
CC:  sched/task_testcancel.c
CC:  semaphore/sem_init.c
CC:  semaphore/sem_getprotocol.c
CC:  semaphore/sem_getvalue.c
CC:  semaphore/sem_setprotocol.c
CC:  spawn/lib_psfa_addaction.c
CC:  spawn/lib_psfa_addclose.c
CC:  spawn/lib_psfa_adddup2.c
CC:  spawn/lib_psfa_addopen.c
CC:  spawn/lib_psfa_destroy.c
CC:  spawn/lib_psfa_init.c
CC:  spawn/lib_psa_getflags.c
CC:  spawn/lib_psa_getschedparam.c
CC:  spawn/lib_psa_getschedpolicy.c
CC:  spawn/lib_psa_init.c
CC:  spawn/lib_psa_setflags.c
CC:  spawn/lib_psa_setschedparam.c
CC:  spawn/lib_psa_setschedpolicy.c
CC:  spawn/lib_psa_getstacksize.c
CC:  spawn/lib_psa_setstacksize.c
CC:  stdio/lib_fileno.c
CC:  stdio/lib_printf.c
CC:  stdio/lib_sprintf.c
CC:  stdio/lib_asprintf.c
CC:  stdio/lib_snprintf.c
CC:  stdio/lib_libsprintf.c
CC:  stdio/lib_vsprintf.c
CC:  stdio/lib_vasprintf.c
CC:  stdio/lib_vsnprintf.c
CC:  stdio/lib_libvsprintf.c
CC:  stdio/lib_dprintf.c
CC:  stdio/lib_vdprintf.c
CC:  stdio/lib_meminstream.c
CC:  stdio/lib_memoutstream.c
CC:  stdio/lib_memsistream.c
CC:  stdio/lib_memsostream.c
CC:  stdio/lib_lowoutstream.c
CC:  stdio/lib_zeroinstream.c
CC:  stdio/lib_nullinstream.c
CC:  stdio/lib_nulloutstream.c
CC:  stdio/lib_sscanf.c
CC:  stdio/lib_rawinstream.c
CC:  stdio/lib_rawoutstream.c
CC:  stdio/lib_rawsistream.c
CC:  stdio/lib_rawsostream.c
CC:  stdio/lib_libnoflush.c
CC:  stdio/lib_libsnoflush.c
CC:  stdio/lib_remove.c
CC:  stdio/lib_fopen.c
CC:  stdio/lib_freopen.c
CC:  stdio/lib_fclose.c
CC:  stdio/lib_fread.c
CC:  stdio/lib_libfread.c
CC:  stdio/lib_fseek.c
CC:  stdio/lib_ftell.c
CC:  stdio/lib_fsetpos.c
CC:  stdio/lib_fgetpos.c
CC:  stdio/lib_fgetc.c
CC:  stdio/lib_fgets.c
CC:  stdio/lib_gets_s.c
CC:  stdio/lib_gets.c
CC:  stdio/lib_libfgets.c
CC:  stdio/lib_fwrite.c
CC:  stdio/lib_libfwrite.c
CC:  stdio/lib_fflush.c
CC:  stdio/lib_libflushall.c
CC:  stdio/lib_libfflush.c
CC:  stdio/lib_rdflush.c
CC:  stdio/lib_wrflush.c
CC:  stdio/lib_fputc.c
CC:  stdio/lib_puts.c
CC:  stdio/lib_fputs.c
CC:  stdio/lib_ungetc.c
CC:  stdio/lib_vprintf.c
CC:  stdio/lib_fprintf.c
CC:  stdio/lib_vfprintf.c
CC:  stdio/lib_stdinstream.c
CC:  stdio/lib_stdoutstream.c
CC:  stdio/lib_stdsistream.c
CC:  stdio/lib_stdsostream.c
CC:  stdio/lib_perror.c
CC:  stdio/lib_feof.c
CC:  stdio/lib_ferror.c
CC:  stdio/lib_clearerr.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_abs.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_abort.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_div.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_ldiv.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_lldiv.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_itoa.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_labs.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_llabs.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_bsearch.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_rand.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_qsort.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_srand.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_strtol.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_strtoll.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_strtoul.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_strtoull.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_strtod.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_strtof.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_strtold.c
CC:  stdlib/lib_checkbase.c
CC:  string/lib_ffs.c
CC:  string/lib_ffsl.c
CC:  string/lib_ffsll.c
CC:  string/lib_fls.c
CC:  string/lib_flsl.c
CC:  string/lib_flsll.c
CC:  string/lib_isbasedigit.c
CC:  string/lib_memset.c
CC:  string/lib_memchr.c
CC:  string/lib_memccpy.c
CC:  string/lib_memcmp.c
CC:  string/lib_memmove.c
CC:  string/lib_skipspace.c
CC:  string/lib_stpcpy.c
CC:  string/lib_strcasecmp.c
CC:  string/lib_strcat.c
CC:  string/lib_strchr.c
CC:  string/lib_strcpy.c
CC:  string/lib_strcmp.c
CC:  string/lib_strcspn.c
CC:  string/lib_strdup.c
CC:  string/lib_strerror.c
CC:  string/lib_strlen.c
CC:  string/lib_strnlen.c
CC:  string/lib_strncasecmp.c
CC:  string/lib_strncat.c
CC:  string/lib_strncmp.c
CC:  string/lib_strncpy.c
CC:  string/lib_strndup.c
CC:  string/lib_strcasestr.c
CC:  string/lib_strpbrk.c
CC:  string/lib_strrchr.c
CC:  string/lib_strspn.c
CC:  string/lib_strstr.c
CC:  string/lib_strtok.c
CC:  string/lib_strtokr.c
CC:  string/lib_strerrorr.c
CC:  string/lib_explicit_bzero.c
CC:  string/lib_memcpy.c
CC:  symtab/symtab_findbyname.c
CC:  symtab/symtab_findbyvalue.c
CC:  symtab/symtab_findorderedbyname.c
CC:  symtab/symtab_findorderedbyvalue.c
CC:  syslog/lib_syslog.c
CC:  syslog/lib_setlogmask.c
CC:  termios/lib_cfgetspeed.c
CC:  termios/lib_cfsetspeed.c
CC:  termios/lib_isatty.c
CC:  termios/lib_tcflush.c
CC:  termios/lib_tcgetattr.c
CC:  termios/lib_tcsetattr.c
CC:  time/lib_strftime.c
CC:  time/lib_calendar2utc.c
CC:  time/lib_daysbeforemonth.c
CC:  time/lib_gettimeofday.c
CC:  time/lib_isleapyear.c
CC:  time/lib_settimeofday.c
CC:  time/lib_time.c
CC:  time/lib_difftime.c
CC:  time/lib_mktime.c
CC:  time/lib_gmtime.c
CC:  time/lib_gmtimer.c
CC:  unistd/lib_access.c
CC:  unistd/lib_swab.c
CC:  unistd/lib_getopt.c
CC:  unistd/lib_getoptargp.c
CC:  unistd/lib_getoptindp.c
CC:  unistd/lib_getoptoptp.c
AR:    bin/lib_readdirr.o  bin/lib_telldir.o  bin/lib_fixedmath.o  bin/lib_b16sin.o  bin/lib_b16cos.o  bin/lib_b16atan2.o  bin/lib_ubsqrt.o  bin/lib_imaxabs.o  bin/lib_strtoimax.o  bin/lib_strtoumax.o  bin/lib_basename.o  bin/lib_dirname.o  bin/lib_stream.o  bin/lib_utsname.o  bin/lib_xorshift128.o  bin/lib_tea_encrypt.o  bin/lib_tea_decrypt.o  bin/lib_umul32.o  bin/lib_umul64.o  bin/lib_umul32x64.o  bin/lib_uadd32x64.o  bin/lib_uadd64.o  bin/lib_usub64x32.o  bin/lib_usub64.o  bin/lib_sendfile.o  bin/lib_streamsem.o  bin/lib_crc64.o  bin/lib_crc32.o  bin/lib_crc16.o  bin/lib_crc8.o  bin/lib_dumpbuffer.o  bin/lib_match.o  bin/lib_addrconfig.o  bin/lib_etherntoa.o  bin/lib_htons.o  bin/lib_htonl.o  bin/lib_inetaddr.o  bin/lib_inetntoa.o  bin/lib_inetntop.o  bin/lib_inetpton.o  bin/sq_addlast.o  bin/sq_addfirst.o  bin/sq_addafter.o  bin/sq_cat.o  bin/sq_rem.o  bin/sq_remlast.o  bin/sq_remfirst.o  bin/sq_remafter.o  bin/sq_count.o  bin/dq_addlast.o  bin/dq_addfirst.o  bin/dq_addafter.o  bin/dq_addbefore.o  bin/dq_cat.o  bin/dq_rem.o  bin/dq_remlast.o  bin/dq_remfirst.o  bin/dq_count.o  bin/sched_getprioritymax.o  bin/sched_getprioritymin.o  bin/task_setcanceltype.o  bin/task_testcancel.o  bin/sem_init.o  bin/sem_getprotocol.o  bin/sem_getvalue.o  bin/sem_setprotocol.o  bin/lib_psfa_addaction.o  bin/lib_psfa_addclose.o  bin/lib_psfa_adddup2.o  bin/lib_psfa_addopen.o  bin/lib_psfa_destroy.o  bin/lib_psfa_init.o  bin/lib_psa_getflags.o  bin/lib_psa_getschedparam.o  bin/lib_psa_getschedpolicy.o  bin/lib_psa_init.o  bin/lib_psa_setflags.o  bin/lib_psa_setschedparam.o  bin/lib_psa_setschedpolicy.o  bin/lib_psa_getstacksize.o  bin/lib_psa_setstacksize.o  bin/lib_fileno.o  bin/lib_printf.o  bin/lib_sprintf.o  bin/lib_asprintf.o  bin/lib_snprintf.o  bin/lib_libsprintf.o  bin/lib_vsprintf.o  bin/lib_vasprintf.o  bin/lib_vsnprintf.o  bin/lib_libvsprintf.o  bin/lib_dprintf.o  bin/lib_vdprintf.o  bin/lib_meminstream.o  bin/lib_memoutstream.o  bin/lib_memsistream.o  bin/lib_memsostream.o  bin/lib_lowoutstream.o  bin/lib_zeroinstream.o  bin/lib_nullinstream.o  bin/lib_nulloutstream.o  bin/lib_sscanf.o  bin/lib_rawinstream.o  bin/lib_rawoutstream.o  bin/lib_rawsistream.o  bin/lib_rawsostream.o  bin/lib_libnoflush.o  bin/lib_libsnoflush.o  bin/lib_remove.o  bin/lib_fopen.o  bin/lib_freopen.o  bin/lib_fclose.o  bin/lib_fread.o  bin/lib_libfread.o  bin/lib_fseek.o  bin/lib_ftell.o  bin/lib_fsetpos.o  bin/lib_fgetpos.o  bin/lib_fgetc.o  bin/lib_fgets.o  bin/lib_gets_s.o  bin/lib_gets.o  bin/lib_libfgets.o  bin/lib_fwrite.o  bin/lib_libfwrite.o  bin/lib_fflush.o  bin/lib_libflushall.o  bin/lib_libfflush.o  bin/lib_rdflush.o  bin/lib_wrflush.o  bin/lib_fputc.o  bin/lib_puts.o  bin/lib_fputs.o  bin/lib_ungetc.o  bin/lib_vprintf.o  bin/lib_fprintf.o  bin/lib_vfprintf.o  bin/lib_stdinstream.o  bin/lib_stdoutstream.o  bin/lib_stdsistream.o  bin/lib_stdsostream.o  bin/lib_perror.o  bin/lib_feof.o  bin/lib_ferror.o  bin/lib_clearerr.o  bin/lib_abs.o  bin/lib_abort.o  bin/lib_div.o  bin/lib_ldiv.o  bin/lib_lldiv.o  bin/lib_itoa.o  bin/lib_labs.o  bin/lib_llabs.o  bin/lib_bsearch.o  bin/lib_rand.o  bin/lib_qsort.o  bin/lib_srand.o  bin/lib_strtol.o  bin/lib_strtoll.o  bin/lib_strtoul.o  bin/lib_strtoull.o  bin/lib_strtod.o  bin/lib_strtof.o  bin/lib_strtold.o  bin/lib_checkbase.o  bin/lib_ffs.o  bin/lib_ffsl.o  bin/lib_ffsll.o  bin/lib_fls.o  bin/lib_flsl.o  bin/lib_flsll.o  bin/lib_isbasedigit.o  bin/lib_memset.o  bin/lib_memchr.o  bin/lib_memccpy.o  bin/lib_memcmp.o  bin/lib_memmove.o  bin/lib_skipspace.o  bin/lib_stpcpy.o  bin/lib_strcasecmp.o  bin/lib_strcat.o  bin/lib_strchr.o  bin/lib_strcpy.o  bin/lib_strcmp.o  bin/lib_strcspn.o  bin/lib_strdup.o  bin/lib_strerror.o  bin/lib_strlen.o  bin/lib_strnlen.o  bin/lib_strncasecmp.o  bin/lib_strncat.o  bin/lib_strncmp.o  bin/lib_strncpy.o  bin/lib_strndup.o  bin/lib_strcasestr.o  bin/lib_strpbrk.o  bin/lib_strrchr.o  bin/lib_strspn.o  bin/lib_strstr.o  bin/lib_strtok.o  bin/lib_strtokr.o  bin/lib_strerrorr.o  bin/lib_explicit_bzero.o  bin/lib_memcpy.o  bin/symtab_findbyname.o  bin/symtab_findbyvalue.o  bin/symtab_findorderedbyname.o  bin/symtab_findorderedbyvalue.o  bin/lib_syslog.o  bin/lib_setlogmask.o  bin/lib_cfgetspeed.o  bin/lib_cfsetspeed.o  bin/lib_isatty.o  bin/lib_tcflush.o  bin/lib_tcgetattr.o  bin/lib_tcsetattr.o  bin/lib_strftime.o  bin/lib_calendar2utc.o  bin/lib_daysbeforemonth.o  bin/lib_gettimeofday.o  bin/lib_isleapyear.o  bin/lib_settimeofday.o  bin/lib_time.o  bin/lib_difftime.o  bin/lib_mktime.o  bin/lib_gmtime.o  bin/lib_gmtimer.o  bin/lib_access.o  bin/lib_swab.o  bin/lib_getopt.o  bin/lib_getoptargp.o  bin/lib_getoptindp.o  bin/lib_getoptoptp.o
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/libc'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/mm'
CC:  mm_heap/mm_initialize.c
CC:  mm_heap/mm_sem.c
CC:  mm_heap/mm_addfreechunk.c
CC:  mm_heap/mm_size2ndx.c
CC:  mm_heap/mm_shrinkchunk.c
CC:  mm_heap/mm_brkaddr.c
CC:  mm_heap/mm_calloc.c
CC:  mm_heap/mm_extend.c
CC:  mm_heap/mm_free.c
CC:  mm_heap/mm_mallinfo.c
CC:  mm_heap/mm_malloc.c
CC:  mm_heap/mm_memalign.c
CC:  mm_heap/mm_realloc.c
CC:  mm_heap/mm_zalloc.c
CC:  umm_heap/umm_initialize.c
CC:  umm_heap/umm_addregion.c
CC:  umm_heap/umm_sem.c
CC:  umm_heap/umm_brkaddr.c
CC:  umm_heap/umm_calloc.c
CC:  umm_heap/umm_extend.c
CC:  umm_heap/umm_free.c
CC:  umm_heap/umm_mallinfo.c
CC:  umm_heap/umm_malloc.c
CC:  umm_heap/umm_memalign.c
CC:  umm_heap/umm_realloc.c
CC:  umm_heap/umm_zalloc.c
CC:  umm_heap/umm_globals.c
AR:    bin/mm_initialize.o  bin/mm_sem.o  bin/mm_addfreechunk.o  bin/mm_size2ndx.o  bin/mm_shrinkchunk.o  bin/mm_brkaddr.o  bin/mm_calloc.o  bin/mm_extend.o  bin/mm_free.o  bin/mm_mallinfo.o  bin/mm_malloc.o  bin/mm_memalign.o  bin/mm_realloc.o  bin/mm_zalloc.o  bin/umm_initialize.o  bin/umm_addregion.o  bin/umm_sem.o  bin/umm_brkaddr.o  bin/umm_calloc.o  bin/umm_extend.o  bin/umm_free.o  bin/umm_mallinfo.o  bin/umm_malloc.o  bin/umm_memalign.o  bin/umm_realloc.o  bin/umm_zalloc.o  bin/umm_globals.o
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/mm'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/arch/arm/src'
AS:  chip/gnu/stm32_vectors.S
AS:  armv7-m/gnu/up_saveusercontext.S
AS:  armv7-m/gnu/up_fullcontextrestore.S
AS:  armv7-m/gnu/up_switchcontext.S
AS:  armv7-m/gnu/up_testset.S
AS:  armv7-m/gnu/vfork.S
AS:  armv7-m/gnu/up_exception.S
CC:  chip/stm32_allocateheap.c
CC:  chip/stm32_start.c
CC:  chip/stm32_rcc.c
CC:  chip/stm32_lse.c
CC:  chip/stm32_lsi.c
CC:  chip/stm32_gpio.c
CC:  chip/stm32_exti_gpio.c
CC:  chip/stm32_flash.c
CC:  chip/stm32_irq.c
CC:  chip/stm32_dma.c
CC:  chip/stm32_lowputc.c
CC:  chip/stm32_serial.c
CC:  chip/stm32_spi.c
CC:  chip/stm32_i2s.c
CC:  chip/stm32_sdio.c
CC:  chip/stm32_tim.c
CC:  chip/stm32_waste.c
CC:  chip/stm32_ccm.c
CC:  chip/stm32_uid.c
CC:  chip/stm32_capture.c
CC:  chip/stm32_timerisr.c
CC:  chip/stm32_i2c.c
CC:  chip/stm32_idle.c
CC:  chip/stm32_pmstop.c
CC:  chip/stm32_pmstandby.c
CC:  chip/stm32_pmsleep.c
CC:  chip/stm32_pminitialize.c
CC:  armv7-m/up_assert.c
CC:  armv7-m/up_blocktask.c
CC:  armv7-m/up_copyfullstate.c
CC:  common/up_createstack.c
CC:  common/up_mdelay.c
CC:  common/up_udelay.c
CC:  common/up_exit.c
CC:  common/up_initialize.c
CC:  armv7-m/up_initialstate.c
CC:  common/up_interruptcontext.c
CC:  armv7-m/up_memfault.c
CC:  common/up_modifyreg8.c
CC:  common/up_modifyreg16.c
CC:  common/up_modifyreg32.c
CC:  armv7-m/up_releasepending.c
CC:  common/up_releasestack.c
CC:  armv7-m/up_reprioritizertr.c
CC:  armv7-m/up_schedulesigaction.c
CC:  armv7-m/up_sigdeliver.c
CC:  common/up_stackframe.c
CC:  armv7-m/up_systemreset.c
CC:  armv7-m/up_unblocktask.c
CC:  common/up_usestack.c
CC:  armv7-m/up_doirq.c
CC:  armv7-m/up_hardfault.c
CC:  armv7-m/up_svcall.c
CC:  common/up_vfork.c
CC:  armv7-m/up_vectors.c
AR:  stm32_vectors.o up_saveusercontext.o up_fullcontextrestore.o up_switchcontext.o up_testset.o vfork.o up_exception.o stm32_allocateheap.o stm32_start.o stm32_rcc.o stm32_lse.o stm32_lsi.o stm32_gpio.o stm32_exti_gpio.o stm32_flash.o stm32_irq.o stm32_dma.o stm32_lowputc.o stm32_serial.o stm32_spi.o stm32_i2s.o stm32_sdio.o stm32_tim.o stm32_waste.o stm32_ccm.o stm32_uid.o stm32_capture.o stm32_timerisr.o stm32_i2c.o stm32_idle.o stm32_pmstop.o stm32_pmstandby.o stm32_pmsleep.o stm32_pminitialize.o up_assert.o up_blocktask.o up_copyfullstate.o up_createstack.o up_mdelay.o up_udelay.o up_exit.o up_initialize.o up_initialstate.o up_interruptcontext.o up_memfault.o up_modifyreg8.o up_modifyreg16.o up_modifyreg32.o up_releasepending.o up_releasestack.o up_reprioritizertr.o up_schedulesigaction.o up_sigdeliver.o up_stackframe.o up_systemreset.o up_unblocktask.o up_usestack.o up_doirq.o up_hardfault.o up_svcall.o up_vfork.o up_vectors.o
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/arch/arm/src'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/examples/hello'
CC:  hello_main.c
AR:     hello_main.o
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/examples/hello'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/examples/nsh'
CC:  nsh_main.c
AR:     nsh_main.o
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/examples/nsh'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/nshlib'
CC:  nsh_init.c
CC:  nsh_parse.c
CC:  nsh_console.c
CC:  nsh_script.c
CC:  nsh_system.c
CC:  nsh_command.c
CC:  nsh_fscmds.c
CC:  nsh_ddcmd.c
CC:  nsh_proccmds.c
CC:  nsh_mmcmds.c
CC:  nsh_timcmds.c
CC:  nsh_envcmds.c
CC:  nsh_syscmds.c
CC:  nsh_dbgcmds.c
CC:  nsh_session.c
CC:  nsh_fsutils.c
CC:  nsh_consolemain.c
AR:   nsh_init.o nsh_parse.o nsh_console.o nsh_script.o nsh_system.o nsh_command.o nsh_fscmds.o nsh_ddcmd.o nsh_proccmds.o nsh_mmcmds.o nsh_timcmds.o nsh_envcmds.o nsh_syscmds.o nsh_dbgcmds.o nsh_session.o nsh_fsutils.o nsh_consolemain.o
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/nshlib'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/system/readline'
CC:  readline.c
CC:  readline_common.c
AR:   readline.o readline_common.o
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/system/readline'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/apps/platform'
AR:   
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps/platform'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/apps'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/fs'
CC:  fs_initialize.c
CC:  inode/fs_files.c
CC:  inode/fs_foreachinode.c
CC:  inode/fs_inode.c
CC:  inode/fs_inodeaddref.c
CC:  inode/fs_inodebasename.c
CC:  inode/fs_inodefind.c
CC:  inode/fs_inodefree.c
CC:  inode/fs_inoderelease.c
CC:  inode/fs_inoderemove.c
CC:  inode/fs_inodereserve.c
CC:  inode/fs_inodesearch.c
CC:  inode/fs_filedetach.c
CC:  vfs/fs_close.c
CC:  vfs/fs_dup.c
CC:  vfs/fs_dup2.c
CC:  vfs/fs_fcntl.c
CC:  vfs/fs_dupfd.c
CC:  vfs/fs_dupfd2.c
CC:  vfs/fs_epoll.c
CC:  vfs/fs_fstat.c
CC:  vfs/fs_fstatfs.c
CC:  vfs/fs_getfilep.c
CC:  vfs/fs_ioctl.c
CC:  vfs/fs_lseek.c
CC:  vfs/fs_mkdir.c
CC:  vfs/fs_open.c
CC:  vfs/fs_poll.c
CC:  vfs/fs_read.c
CC:  vfs/fs_rename.c
CC:  vfs/fs_rmdir.c
CC:  vfs/fs_statfs.c
CC:  vfs/fs_stat.c
CC:  vfs/fs_select.c
CC:  vfs/fs_unlink.c
CC:  vfs/fs_write.c
CC:  vfs/fs_pread.c
CC:  vfs/fs_pwrite.c
CC:  vfs/fs_link.c
CC:  vfs/fs_readlink.c
CC:  vfs/fs_fdopen.c
CC:  driver/fs_registerdriver.c
CC:  driver/fs_unregisterdriver.c
CC:  dirent/fs_closedir.c
CC:  dirent/fs_opendir.c
CC:  dirent/fs_readdir.c
CC:  dirent/fs_rewinddir.c
CC:  dirent/fs_seekdir.c
CC:  mmap/fs_mmap.c
AR:   fs_initialize.o fs_files.o fs_foreachinode.o fs_inode.o fs_inodeaddref.o fs_inodebasename.o fs_inodefind.o fs_inodefree.o fs_inoderelease.o fs_inoderemove.o fs_inodereserve.o fs_inodesearch.o fs_filedetach.o fs_close.o fs_dup.o fs_dup2.o fs_fcntl.o fs_dupfd.o fs_dupfd2.o fs_epoll.o fs_fstat.o fs_fstatfs.o fs_getfilep.o fs_ioctl.o fs_lseek.o fs_mkdir.o fs_open.o fs_poll.o fs_read.o fs_rename.o fs_rmdir.o fs_statfs.o fs_stat.o fs_select.o fs_unlink.o fs_write.o fs_pread.o fs_pwrite.o fs_link.o fs_readlink.o fs_fdopen.o fs_registerdriver.o fs_unregisterdriver.o fs_closedir.o fs_opendir.o fs_readdir.o fs_rewinddir.o fs_seekdir.o fs_mmap.o
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/fs'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/binfmt'
CC:  binfmt_globals.c
CC:  binfmt_register.c
CC:  binfmt_unregister.c
CC:  binfmt_loadmodule.c
CC:  binfmt_unloadmodule.c
CC:  binfmt_execmodule.c
CC:  binfmt_exec.c
CC:  binfmt_copyargv.c
CC:  binfmt_dumpmodule.c
AR:   binfmt_globals.o binfmt_register.o binfmt_unregister.o binfmt_loadmodule.o binfmt_unloadmodule.o binfmt_execmodule.o binfmt_exec.o binfmt_copyargv.o binfmt_dumpmodule.o
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/binfmt'
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/arch/arm/src'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/configs/stm32f103-minimum/src'
CC:  stm32_boot.c
CC:  stm32_bringup.c
CC:  stm32_spi.c
CC:  stm32_userleds.c
AR:   stm32_boot.o stm32_bringup.o stm32_spi.o stm32_userleds.o 
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/configs/stm32f103-minimum/src'
LD: nuttx
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/nuttx-project/arch/arm/src'
CP: nuttx.bin

Now let see the NuttX’s “hello world” size:

$ arm-none-eabi-size nuttx
   text	   data	    bss	    dec	    hex	filename
  15068	     84	   1676	  16828	   41bc	nuttx

So, the NuttX’s helloworld is about 15KB.

Time to compile and compare Zephyr:

$ git clone https://gerrit.zephyrproject.org/r/zephyr zephyr-project
$ cd zephyr-project/
$ git checkout tags/v1.6.0
$ export ZEPHYR_BASE=/home/alan/zephyr-project
$ export ZEPHYR_GCC_VARIANT=gccarmemb
$ export GCCARMEMB_TOOLCHAIN_PATH=/usr
$ cd samples/hello_world/
$ make BOARD=frdm_k64f
make[1]: Entering directory '/home/alan/zephyr/zephyr-project'
make[2]: Entering directory '/home/alan/zephyr/zephyr-project/samples/hello_world/outdir/frdm_k64f'
  GEN     ./Makefile
scripts/kconfig/conf --silentoldconfig Kconfig
  Using /home/alan/zephyr/zephyr-project as source for kernel
  GEN     ./Makefile
  CHK     include/generated/version.h
  UPD     include/generated/version.h
  CHK     misc/generated/configs.c
  UPD     misc/generated/configs.c
  CHK     include/generated/offsets.h
  UPD     include/generated/offsets.h
  CHK     misc/generated/sysgen/prj.mdef
  UPD     misc/generated/sysgen/prj.mdef
  LD      lib/iot/built-in.o
  LD      lib/libc/minimal/source/stdlib/built-in.o
  CC      lib/libc/minimal/source/stdout/fprintf.o
  CC      lib/libc/minimal/source/stdout/prf.o
  CC      lib/libc/minimal/source/stdout/sprintf.o
  CC      lib/libc/minimal/source/stdout/stdout_console.o
  LD      lib/libc/minimal/source/stdout/built-in.o
  CC      lib/libc/minimal/source/string/string.o
  LD      lib/libc/minimal/source/string/built-in.o
  LD      lib/libc/minimal/source/built-in.o
  LD      lib/libc/minimal/built-in.o
  LD      lib/libc/built-in.o
  LD      lib/built-in.o
  CC      misc/printk.o
  LD      misc/debug/built-in.o
  CC      misc/generated/configs.o
  CC      misc/generated/sysgen/kernel_main.o
  LD      misc/generated/sysgen/built-in.o
  LD      misc/generated/built-in.o
  LD      misc/built-in.o
  LD      net/built-in.o
  LD      boards/arm/frdm_k64f/built-in.o
  LD      boards/built-in.o
  LD      ext/fs/built-in.o
  CC      ext/hal/ksdk/devices/MK64F12/fsl_clock.o
  LD      ext/hal/ksdk/components/built-in.o
  LD      ext/hal/ksdk/drivers/built-in.o
  LD      ext/hal/ksdk/built-in.o
  LD      ext/hal/built-in.o
  LD      ext/lib/crypto/built-in.o
  LD      ext/lib/built-in.o
  LD      ext/built-in.o
  LD      subsys/built-in.o
  LD      tests/built-in.o
  AS      arch/arm/core/exc_exit.o
  CC      arch/arm/core/irq_init.o
  AS      arch/arm/core/swap.o
  CC      arch/arm/core/fault.o
  CC      arch/arm/core/irq_manage.o
  CC      arch/arm/core/thread.o
  AS      arch/arm/core/cpu_idle.o
  AS      arch/arm/core/fault_s.o
  AS      arch/arm/core/isr_wrapper.o
  CC      arch/arm/core/fatal.o
  CC      arch/arm/core/sys_fatal_error_handler.o
  CC      arch/arm/core/thread_abort.o
  AS      arch/arm/core/cortex_m/vector_table.o
  AS      arch/arm/core/cortex_m/reset.o
  AS      arch/arm/core/cortex_m/nmi_on_reset.o
  CC      arch/arm/core/cortex_m/prep_c.o
  CC      arch/arm/core/cortex_m/scs.o
  CC      arch/arm/core/cortex_m/scb.o
  CC      arch/arm/core/cortex_m/nmi.o
  CC      arch/arm/core/cortex_m/exc_manage.o
  CC      arch/arm/core/cortex_m/irq_vector_table.o
  AS      arch/arm/core/cortex_m/sw_isr_table.o
  LD      arch/arm/core/cortex_m/built-in.o
  LD      arch/arm/core/built-in.o
  CC      arch/arm/soc/nxp_kinetis/k6x/soc_config.o
  CC      arch/arm/soc/nxp_kinetis/k6x/soc.o
  AS      arch/arm/soc/nxp_kinetis/k6x/wdog.o
  LD      arch/arm/soc/nxp_kinetis/k6x/built-in.o
  LD      arch/arm/soc/nxp_kinetis/built-in.o
  LD      arch/arm/built-in.o
  LD      arch/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/console/uart_console.o
  LD      drivers/console/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/gpio/gpio_k64.o
  LD      drivers/gpio/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/interrupt_controller/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/pinmux/k64/pinmux.o
  CC      drivers/pinmux/k64/pinmux_board_frdm_k64f.o
  LD      drivers/pinmux/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/random/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/serial/uart_k20.o
  LD      drivers/serial/built-in.o
  CC      drivers/timer/cortex_m_systick.o
  CC      drivers/timer/sys_clock_init.o
  LD      drivers/timer/built-in.o
  LD      drivers/built-in.o
  CC      kernel/unified/version.o
  LD      kernel/unified/built-in.o
  CC      kernel/unified/alert.o
  CC      kernel/unified/device.o
  CC      kernel/unified/errno.o
  CC      kernel/unified/fifo.o
  CC      kernel/unified/idle.o
  CC      kernel/unified/init.o
  CC      kernel/unified/legacy_offload.o
  CC      kernel/unified/legacy_timer.o
  CC      kernel/unified/lifo.o
  CC      kernel/unified/mailbox.o
  CC      kernel/unified/mem_pool.o
  CC      kernel/unified/mem_slab.o
  CC      kernel/unified/msg_q.o
  CC      kernel/unified/mutex.o
  CC      kernel/unified/pipes.o
  CC      kernel/unified/sched.o
  CC      kernel/unified/sem.o
  CC      kernel/unified/stack.o
  CC      kernel/unified/sys_clock.o
  CC      kernel/unified/system_work_q.o
  CC      kernel/unified/thread.o
  CC      kernel/unified/thread_abort.o
  CC      kernel/unified/timer.o
  CC      kernel/unified/work_q.o
  AR      kernel/unified/lib.a
  CC      src/main.o
  LD      src/built-in.o
  AR      libzephyr.a
  LINK    zephyr.lnk
  BIN     zephyr.bin
make[2]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/zephyr/zephyr-project/samples/hello_world/outdir/frdm_k64f'
make[1]: Leaving directory '/home/alan/zephyr/zephyr-project'

And the size is:

$ arm-none-eabi-size outdir/frdm_k64f/zephyr.elf 
   text	   data	    bss	    dec	    hex	filename
  10226	    400	   7808	  18434	   4802	outdir/frdm_k64f/zephyr.elf

Then Zephyr’s size is about 10KB!

Maybe you could think: “Oh, NuttX is 50% bigger!”, but you are wrong here.

First: NuttX is a real POSIX RTOS, the helloworld example use the POSIX printf() function. Zephyr is not POSIX and it uses a limited/trimmed-down printk() function.

Second: as you saw NuttX compiled many more files and this simple helloworld includes File System support and the structure to support Device Drivers.

Third: this 15KB is only the initial overhead, probably NuttX increases more slowly than Zephyr because NuttX is very modular and its features are separated in many files.

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SDCC went from worst STM8 compiler to best in a very short time

I never used STM8 but I’m impressed with this achievement of SDCC compiler.

The ST marketing materials put STM8 Dhrystone performance at 0.29 DMIPS / Mhz.

Commercial compilers as Raisonance achieves 0.289 DMIPS / Mhz, Cosmic achieves 0.296 DMIPS / Mhz and IAR achieves 0.347 DMIPS / Mhz. See benchmark comparison here: http://colecovision.eu/stm8/compilers.shtml

SDCC 3.5.0 achieves 0.151 DMIPS / Mhz and SDCC 3.6.0 achieve 0.167 DMIPS / Mhz.

Now the SDCC in the repository (Revision #9652) outperforms them all at 0.355 DMIPS / Mhz.

If you want to use STM8 on Linux, these links could be useful:
http://embedonix.com/articles/linux/setting-up-development-and-programming-for-stm8-on-linux/
http://www.cnx-software.com/2015/04/13/how-to-program-stm8s-1-board-in-linux/

Source: Philipp Klaus Krause email in the SDCC mailing list “STM8 Dhrystone performance – new record at 0.355 DMIPS / Mhz using SDCC”.

Using JLinkExe to flash a new firmware into STM32F407

These are the commands I use to flash a nuttx.bin firmware in the STM32F407 microcontroller:

$ JLinkExe -if SWD
SEGGER J-Link Commander V4.98e ('?' for help)
Compiled May  5 2015 11:49:39
DLL version V4.98e, compiled May  5 2015 11:49:35
Firmware: J-Link ARM V8 compiled Nov 28 2014 13:44:46
Hardware: V8.00
S/N: 268006167 
OEM: SEGGER-EDU 
Feature(s): FlashBP, GDB 
VTarget = 0.200V
J-Link>exit

$ sudo JLinkExe 
SEGGER J-Link Commander V4.98e ('?' for help)
Compiled May  5 2015 11:49:39
DLL version V4.98e, compiled May  5 2015 11:49:35
Firmware: J-Link ARM V8 compiled Nov 28 2014 13:44:46
Hardware: V8.00
S/N: 268006167 
OEM: SEGGER-EDU 
Feature(s): FlashBP, GDB 
VTarget = 3.300V
Info: TotalIRLen = 9, IRPrint = 0x0011
Info: Found Cortex-M4 r0p1, Little endian.
Info: FPUnit: 6 code (BP) slots and 2 literal slots
Info: CoreSight components:
Info: ROMTbl 0 @ E00FF000
Info: ROMTbl 0 [0]: FFF0F000, CID: B105E00D, PID: 000BB00C SCS
Info: ROMTbl 0 [1]: FFF02000, CID: B105E00D, PID: 003BB002 DWT
Info: ROMTbl 0 [2]: FFF03000, CID: B105E00D, PID: 002BB003 FPB
Info: ROMTbl 0 [3]: FFF01000, CID: B105E00D, PID: 003BB001 ITM
Info: ROMTbl 0 [4]: FFF41000, CID: B105900D, PID: 000BB9A1 TPIU
Info: ROMTbl 0 [5]: FFF42000, CID: B105900D, PID: 000BB925 ETM
Found 2 JTAG devices, Total IRLen = 9:
 #0 Id: 0x4BA00477, IRLen: 04, IRPrint: 0x1, CoreSight JTAG-DP (ARM)
 #1 Id: 0x06413041, IRLen: 05, IRPrint: 0x1, STM32 Boundary Scan
Cortex-M4 identified.
Target interface speed: 100 kHz

J-Link> device stm32f407ve
Info: Device "STM32F407VE" selected.
Reconnecting to target...
Info: TotalIRLen = 9, IRPrint = 0x0011
Info: TotalIRLen = 9, IRPrint = 0x0011
Info: Found Cortex-M4 r0p1, Little endian.
Info: FPUnit: 6 code (BP) slots and 2 literal slots
Info: CoreSight components:
Info: ROMTbl 0 @ E00FF000
Info: ROMTbl 0 [0]: FFF0F000, CID: B105E00D, PID: 000BB00C SCS
Info: ROMTbl 0 [1]: FFF02000, CID: B105E00D, PID: 003BB002 DWT
Info: ROMTbl 0 [2]: FFF03000, CID: B105E00D, PID: 002BB003 FPB
Info: ROMTbl 0 [3]: FFF01000, CID: B105E00D, PID: 003BB001 ITM
Info: ROMTbl 0 [4]: FFF41000, CID: B105900D, PID: 000BB9A1 TPIU
Info: ROMTbl 0 [5]: FFF42000, CID: B105900D, PID: 000BB925 ETM

J-Link> loadbin ./nuttx.bin 0
Halting CPU for downloading file.
Downloading file [./nuttx.bin]...Info: J-Link: Flash download: Flash programming performed for 1 range (65536 bytes)
Info: J-Link: Flash download: Total time needed: 9.917s (Prepare: 0.678s, Compare: 0.016s, Erase: 1.447s, Program: 7.687s, Verify: 0.006s, Restore: 0.081s)
O.K.
J-Link>

Flashing NuttX on SAML21 microcontroller

I was trying to use OpenOCD and STLink-v2 to flash a board powered by Atmel SAML21 microcontroller, using this openocd.cfg:

# SAML21 X Pro Target

# Using stlink as SWD programmer
source [find interface/stlink-v2.cfg]

# SWD as transport
transport select hla_swd

# Use SAML21 target
set WORKAREASIZE 0x4000
source [find target/at91samdXX.cfg]

But OpenOCD was reporting this error:

Warn : UNEXPECTED idcode: 0x0bc11477
Error: expected 1 of 1: 0x4ba00477 

Then I modified at91samdXX.cfg replacing 0x4ba00477 by 0x0bc11477, but the “reset halt” command was failing.

Then I decided to use a J-Link programmer:

$ sudo JLinkExe
SEGGER J-Link Commander V4.98e ('?' for help)
Compiled May  5 2015 11:49:39
DLL version V4.98e, compiled May  5 2015 11:49:35
Firmware: J-Link ARM V8 compiled Nov 28 2014 13:44:46
Hardware: V8.00
S/N: 268006167 
OEM: SEGGER-EDU 
Feature(s): FlashBP, GDB 
VTarget = 3.300V
Info: TotalIRLen = ?, IRPrint = 0x..000000000000000000000000
Info: TotalIRLen = ?, IRPrint = 0x..000000000000000000000000
No devices found on JTAG chain. Trying to find device on SWD.
Info: Found SWD-DP with ID 0x0BC11477
Info: Found Cortex-M0 r0p1, Little endian.
Info: FPUnit: 4 code (BP) slots and 0 literal slots
Info: CoreSight components:
Info: ROMTbl 0 @ 41003000
Info: ROMTbl 0 [0]: 9F0FC000, CID: B105100D, PID: 000BB4C0 ROM Table
Info: ROMTbl 1 @ E00FF000
Info: ROMTbl 1 [0]: FFF0F000, CID: B105E00D, PID: 000BB008 SCS
Info: ROMTbl 1 [1]: FFF02000, CID: B105E00D, PID: 000BB00A DWT
Info: ROMTbl 1 [2]: FFF03000, CID: B105E00D, PID: 000BB00B FPB
Info: ROMTbl 0 [1]: 00003000, CID: B105900D, PID: 001BB932 MTB-M0+
Cortex-M0 identified.
Target interface speed: 100 kHz

J-Link>exec device = ATSAML21J18
Info: Device "ATSAML21J18" selected.

J-Link>loadbin /tmp/nuttx.bin, 0x0
Downloading file [/tmp/nuttx.bin]...
**************************
WARNING: CPU is running at low speed (5301 kHz).
**************************

Info: J-Link: Flash download: Flash programming performed for 1 range (44288 bytes)
Info: J-Link: Flash download: Total time needed: 7.121s (Prepare: 0.698s, Compare: 0.255s, Erase: 0.000s, Program: 6.106s, Verify: 0.009s, Restore: 0.051s)
O.K.
J-Link>

J-Link>r
Reset delay: 0 ms
Reset type NORMAL: Resets core & peripherals via SYSRESETREQ & VECTRESET bit.

J-Link>g

J-Link also detected the same idcode: 0x0bc11477 (I think this is the ID for Cortex-M0 microcontroller), then OpenOCD is correct. Using J-Link I got nuttx.bin flashed correctly.

Now I need to investigate about the STLink-v2 reset issue.