Listing of JavaScript engines for embedded systems/IoT applications

JavaScript could be an awful language (i.e. “typeof null returning ‘object’ is a bug that can’t be fixed, because it would break existing code”), but it is everywhere and is one programming language of IoT (other is Lua).

I decided to list here some small JavaScript options for embedded system:

Deno (https://deno.land/) – A small Javascript/TypeScript runtime written in Rust language.

Duktape (http://duktape.org/) – A small footprint, easily embeddable Ecmascript E5/E5.1 engine.

Espruino (http://www.espruino.com/) – A very small footprint interpreter specifically for microcontrollers. Can run in less than 8 kB of RAM by executing from source (rather than bytecode).

JerryScript (https://github.com/jerryscript-project/jerryscript) – A very small interpreter developed by Samsung for IoT application.

Kameleon (https://kameleon.io) – This is a fork of JerryScript with a nice web IDE.

Moddable (https://github.com/Moddable-OpenSource/moddable) – Another small and fast JavaScript VM for microcontrollers.

mJS (https://github.com/cesanta/mjs) – This is the JavaScript engine used on Mongoose project.

MuJS (https://mujs.com/) – A lightweight ECMAScript interpreter library, designed for embedding in other software to extend them with scripting capabilities. Originally developed for MuPDF.

QuickJS (https://bellard.org/quickjs/) – a small JS VM developed by Fabrice Bellard from QEMU fame.

SophonJS (https://github.com/gkmail/SophonJS) – Another JavaScript engine that could be used for low-end applications.

Throwback (https://github.com/getfilament/throwback) – The smallest JS engine for microcontroller, still in early stage of development

Tiny-JS (https://github.com/snoozbuster/tiny-js): A minimalJavaScript interpreter written in C++.

So, we have at least 12 JS engine options to use with microcontrollers. From this listing I think JerryScript is a step ahead, but Kameleon is evolving to be a real alternative for embedded systems.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ECMAScript_engines

3 thoughts on “Listing of JavaScript engines for embedded systems/IoT applications

  1. Thank you for compiling the list. In my case, my iot devices are generally too small to run JavaScript, But the list is good in case I up size.

  2. Hi Celem,
    Please take a look at Throwback, it is small and could fit in small microcontrollers.

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